In an era where everyday life passes through our digital devices, it is important to know what cyber security is. Especially when it comes to companies or institutions that must store valuable information on their computers.

A successful cybersecurity plan has multiple protection perspectives spread across laptops, desktops, networks, programs, or data that are intended to be kept secure.

In an organization, people, processes, and technology must complement each other to create an effective defense against cyber attacks. A threat management system is used to integrate detection, investigation, and remediation functions into the laptops and desktops used by everyone in the organization.

What is cyber security about

From an individual user’s perspective, it is necessary to understand and adhere to basic data security principles such as choosing strong passwords, being careful with email attachments, and backing up data and files. important. In general, if you have multiple laptops, it’s important to sync and protect information across all devices.

Organizations should have a protocol on how to deal with cyber attacks, both attempted and successful attacks (how to recover from this and learn from mistakes.

Tips to protect your personal information

It is common to read about violations against people’s personal information in the news. Here are some tips to make sure your personal information doesn’t end up in the wrong hands.

1. Create strong passwords

When creating a password, think of words or numbers that a cybercriminal could not easily crack (don’t use your birthday to protect your laptop). Choose combinations of upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols and change them periodically. It’s also better to create a different password for each purpose rather than use the same password on multiple sites – a password management tool can help you keep track.

2. Do not share too much on social networks

We all have that friend who posts too many intimate details of their life online. Not only can this be annoying, but it can also put personal information at risk. Check your privacy settings to see who is viewing your posts, and be careful about posting things like location, hometown, date of birth, or other personal details that a hacker could use against you.

3. Use free Wi-Fi with caution

Most free public Wi-Fi networks have very few security measures, which means that other people using the same network could easily access your activity. You must wait until you are home or on a secure, password-protected network . This is especially important when entering your debit or credit card information.

4. Beware of links and attachments

Cybercriminals are cunning and often craft their phishing scams to look like legitimate communications from a bank, utility, or other corporate entity. Certain things, like misspellings or a different email address than the typical sender, can be a clue that the email is spam . In case of doubt, always contact your bank or supplier company.

5. Check if the site is safe

Before entering personal information on a website, take a look at the top of your browser. If there is a lock symbol and the URL starts with “https”, that means the site is secure. There are a few other ways to determine if the site is trustworthy, such as a website privacy policy, contact information, or the “secure verified” seal.

6. Consider getting the extra protection

Install antivirus software, antispyware software, and a firewall on your desktop computer . In some countries, cyber insurance is offered to assess cyber vulnerabilities, help detect threats, and ensure that your business or family group also has the resources it needs to recover from a cyber attack.

Technology

We all want to buy cheap laptops, being able to have a good quality device at a good price is great. Preserve this feeling by also taking care of the security of your devices. Technology is essential to provide organizations and individuals with the necessary information security tools to protect themselves from cyber attacks. Three main entities must be protected: endpoint devices such as desktops, smart devices, routers, networks, and the cloud. Common technology used to protect these entities includes next-generation firewalls, DNS filtering, malware protection, antivirus software, and email security solutions. From the desktop computer to the smallest device in your company or home, they must be protected.

Types of cybersecurity threats

Identity fraud

Phishing is the practice of sending fraudulent emails that resemble emails from trusted sources. The goal is to steal sensitive data like credit card numbers and login information. It is the most common type of cyber attack. You can protect yourself through a technological solution that filters malicious emails.

data hijacking

Ransomware is a type of malicious software. It is designed to extort money by blocking access to files or computer system until the ransom is paid. Paying the ransom does not guarantee that your files will be recovered or your system restored.

Malware

Malware is a type of software designed to gain unauthorized access or cause damage to a computer.

Social engineering

Social engineering is made up of various manipulative tactics used by adversaries to trick you into revealing sensitive information. They may request a monetary payment or gain access to your personal data . Social engineering can be combined with any of the threats listed above to make you more likely to click on links, download malware, or trust a malicious source.